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U.S. Department of Education: Promoting Educational Excellence for all Americans

Day; business day; school day (Sec. 300.11)

Comment: A few commenters stated that a partial day should be considered a school day only if there is a safety reason for a shortened day, such as a two hour delay due to snow, and that regularly scheduled half days should not be considered a school day for funding purposes. One commenter stated that many schools count the time on the bus, recess, lunch period, and passing periods as part of a school day for children with disabilities, and recommended that the regulations clarify that non-instructional time does not count against a child's instructional day unless such times are counted against the instructional day of all children. One commenter recommended the definition of school day include days on which extended school year (ESY) services are provided to children with disabilities.

Discussion: The length of the school day and the number of school days do not affect the formula used to allocate Part B funds to States. School day, as defined in Sec. 300.11(c)(1), is any day or partial day that children are in attendance at school for instructional purposes. If children attend school for only part of a school day and are released early (e.g., on the last day before summer vacation), that day would be considered to be a school day.

Section 300.11(c)(2) already defines school day as having the same meaning for all children, including children with and without disabilities. Therefore, it is unnecessary for the regulations to clarify that non-instructional time (e.g., recess, lunch) is not counted as instructional time for a child with a disability unless such times are counted as instructional time for all children. Consistent with this requirement, days on which ESY services are provided cannot be counted as a school day because ESY services are provided only to children with disabilities.

Changes: None.