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research” from section 9101(37) of the ESEA. We have added

a cross-reference to this definition in new §303.32.

We also agree that the term “scientifically based

research” is not interchangeable with “peer-reviewed

research.” The definition of scientifically based research

is broader and includes the concept of peer-reviewed research. Peer-reviewed research generally refers to research that is reviewed by qualified and independent reviewers to ensure that the quality of the information meets the standards of the field before the research is published. However, there is no single definition of

“peer-reviewed research” because the review process varies

depending on the type of information being reviewed.

We do not agree with the commenter, however, that the

terms “scientifically based research” and “peer-reviewed

research” apply to both lead agencies and IFSP Teams

because these terms are used in different sections of the regulations for different purposes.

Use of the term “scientifically based research” in

§303.112 reflects the requirement in section 635(a)(2) of

the Act that a lead agency must include as a part of its Part C statewide system a policy that ensures that appropriate early intervention services based on scientifically based research, to the extent practicable,